The latest result of the EU referendum, has raised the issue of Euroscepicism that was not studied carefully over the years since the UK’s membership.
Back in 1973, the UK decided to join the European Economic Community (what is was called before), which was quite a controversial matter at the time. It was later in 1975 where a referendum was held on solidifying the membership of the EU with a 67% majority in favour of remaining members.
Over the years the European Union grew to be a significant part of the global economy.
However, as the EU began to expand and more countries were given free-movement passes, this increased the concern on what the population of the country would be in future years to come.
The rise of Euroscepticism began creating tensions in communities not just in the United Kingdom, but also around Europe, and especially with the recent “exodus” of migrants from the Middle East.
June 24, 2016
The country decided in a 51.9% to 48.1% win in favour of leaving the European Union.
In the immediate short-run, the Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced that he would resign once the negotiations have started. He stated that the public needed a “fresh leadership” to pilot the country. Shortly afterwards, the Scottish First Minister said that a second independence referendum would be “highly likely” and definitely “on the table”.
What does this mean for Scotland?
One thing that should be said is that out of a total population of around 5.2 million (2011), 2.6 million turned out to vote in this referendum. Out of that 2.6 million around 1.66 million voted to remain in the EU, leaving a difference of almost 650,000 (1.01 million) from the leave campaigners.
So when broken down, 1.6 million people of the registered 4.2 million people voted to leave the United Kingdom. This does not prove to be successful campaign for a Scottish referendum, especially when the independence fighters conceded defeat in a 55.25% to 44.65% turnout in favour of the ‘No’ vote.
If you look closer in the numbers, only 1.6 million voted ‘Yes’ and 2 million voted ‘No’. But this was out of a 3.6 million ballots counted.
With these numbers it seems that the Scottish referendum will have a highly unlikely turnout in favour of the ‘Yes’ vote.
An angry population?
A lot of spectators said the tone of the campaign from both sides was very aggressive. From scaremongering to “project fear”, the public received information of all sorts on whether the UK remains a member of the EU.
It first started out with claims like “World War 3” would start in the event of a “Brexit”, then it led to a “misleading” £350m that is paid into the EU.
But as the results were looming, the social media outlets took the heckling to another level, as the hashtag #iVotedLeave #SuggestAJobForFarage began to trend on twitter.
— Sally Nicholson (@SallyJ26) June 23, 2016
As the YouGov poll had predicted a clear “remain” vote, many had taken to social media to already begin deciding what job will UKIP leader Nigel Farage be doing next. While some went towards some funny gestures, others took it to the next level.
— Matthew Black (@NoirMJ) June 23, 2016
I don't know about you guys but I think he'd make a great crash test dummy for Toyota. pic.twitter.com/rbQqT4XpYH
— Haidar Sumeri (@IraqiSecurity) June 23, 2016
What is next for Britain?
In order to remove a country from the EU, Article 50 needs to be initiated. However, there has been no set date in which the process will start. Members of the EU commission have been pressing MPs to speed up the process of Article 50, however, this is mostly fueled by the rise of nationalists and right-wing politicians.