Worldwide coronavirus infections are set to top half a million people.

Italy and the United States appear poised to surpass China, where the pandemic began, while healthcare systems in Europe and New York buckle under the weight of caring for seriously ill victims of Covid-19.

Faced with the exponential spread of the pandemic, the US Senate has passed a $2.2 trillion economic rescue package steering aid to businesses, workers and healthcare systems.

Millions of Americans hoped the measure would give them a lifeline as they lost jobs, income and childcare due to the social-distancing rules needed to slow the spread of the virus.

At least 1.5 billion people are now under severe travel restrictions. But the head of the World Health Organisation, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, criticised world leaders for wasting time in the fight against the virus that has already killed more than 21,000 people, left millions out of work and ravaged the world economy.

He said: “The time to act was actually more than a month ago or two months ago. We squandered the first window of opportunity … this is a second opportunity, which we should not squander and do everything to suppress and control this virus.”

In the United States, where virus deaths passed 1,050 and some 70,000 people were infected, a fierce political battle raged between those demanding urgent action for a months-long siege against the pandemic, like New York governor Andrew Cuomo, and President Donald Trump.

President Donald Trump gives his daily White House coronavirus briefing as reporters practise social distancing

Mr Trump has expressed hope churches could return to normal by Easter, only 17 days away, and grumbled that “our country wasn’t built to be shut down” – apparently concerned that the outbreak’s devastating effects on financial markets and employment will harm his re-election chances.

Democrats say Mr Trump is prioritising the economy over the health and safety of Americans.

Joe Biden, the front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination, said: “I’d like to say, let’s get back to work next Friday. That’d be wonderful. But it can’t be arbitrary.”

New York has emerged as a global virus hotspot and the governor says infections are doubling nearly every few days.

The city’s convention centre is being turned into a temporary hospital and the state has hit 280 deaths, according to a count by Johns Hopkins University.

In a preview of what might be ahead for the United States, Spain has converted hotels into makeshift hospitals and turned an ice rink in Madrid into a temporary mortuary.

The curve of infections has not slowed in Spain, which now has more than 3,600 deaths, second only to Italy’s death toll of 7,503.

In Italy, doctors and nurses have been begging the government to provide more masks, gloves and goggles and urged the public to understand how important social distancing measures are.

Scientists say stopping just one person from getting the virus means scores of others will not become infected down the road.

European Union leaders are convening for their third summit in three weeks as they battle to contain the spread of coronavirus and manage the havoc the disease is wreaking on their 27 economies.

As the number of deaths in Europe soared over 12,000, Spain prolonged a state of emergency that will allow it to impose broader lockdowns while French President Emmanuel Macron launched “Operation Resilience”, a military-backed response to combat the pandemic.

France began evacuating infected citizens from the hotspot of Alsace using a special high-speed train that its health minister called a “first in Europe”.

Around 20 patients were being taken from Strasbourg to hospitals in the Pays-de-la-Loire and other regions.

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