Iraqi forces have fought their way into two villages near Mosul as the offensive to retake the extremist-held city entered its second week.
Meanwhile, a rights group has called for a probe into a suspected a
ir strike which hit a mosque on Friday, killing more than a dozen civilians.
Iraqi special forces began shelling IS positions before dawn near Bartella, a historically Christian town to the east of Mosul which they had retaken last week.
With patriotic music blaring from loudspeakers on their Humvees, they then pushed into the village of Tob Zawa, about five miles from Mosul, amid heavy clashes.
The Iraqi Federal Police, a military-style force, pushed into a small village in the Shura district south of Mosul, where they fired a large anti-aircraft gun and rocket-propelled grenades as they battled Islamic State (IS) militants.
They later appeared to have secured the village, a cluster of squat homes on a desert plain, and handed out water and other aid to civilians.
The US-led coalition said it had carried out six air strikes near Mosul, destroying 19 fighting positions and 17 vehicles, as well as rocket and mortar launchers, artillery and tunnels.
Human Rights Watch has called for an investigation into last week’s purported air strike in northern Iraq which struck the women’s section of a Shia mosque in the town of Daquq.
The strike happened amid a large IS assault on the nearby city of Kirkuk which was meant to distract the Iraqi forces and their allies from the massive operation around Mosul, the country’s second largest city.
The IS attack on Kirkuk, about 100 miles south-east of Mosul, lasted for two days and killed at least 80 people, mainly members of the Kurdish security forces, who assumed control of the city in 2014 as Iraqi forces crumbled before an IS advance.
Human Rights Watch said Daquq’s residents believe Friday’s attack was an air strike because of the extent of the destruction and because planes could be heard flying overhead.
The New York-based watchdog said at least 13 people were reported killed.
The US-led coalition and the Iraqi military, which are waging the offensive to drive IS from Mosul, are the only parties known to be flying military aircraft over Iraq.
US military spokesman Col John Dorrian said the coalition had “definitively determined” that it did not conduct the air strike that killed civilians in Daquq, and had shared its findings with the Iraqi government, which is carrying out its own investigation.
“The Coalition uses precision munitions and an exhaustive process to reduce the possibility of civilian casualties and collateral damage because the preservation of civilian life is (of) paramount importance to us,” Col Dorrian said.
Iraqi Brig Gen Yahya Rasool, the spokesman for the Joint Military Command, confirmed the Iraqi government was investigating the attack.
He declined to say whether Iraqi or coalition planes were flying in the area at the time of the explosion.
As in Kirkuk, IS launched an attack on the western Iraqi town of Rutba, hundreds of miles away from Mosul, on Sunday.
Brig Gen Rasool said the situation there “is completely under control”, and IS militants have no presence inside the town.
But Col Dorrian, the coalition spokesman, said “Iraqi forces continue to attack the enemy with coalition air support” in Rutba, and that “operations are ongoing”.
He said coalition air strikes have destroyed five IS vehicles and killed a “significant” number of militants in the town, in Iraq’s sprawling Anbar province.
The IS-run Aamaq news agency posted a video online that it said showed fighters attacking a military position on Sunday north of Rumba.
It said several groups of fighters had infiltrated the town, setting off two car bombs, while other militants attacked the perimeter. Those claims could not be independently confirmed.
The campaign to retake Mosul comes after months of planning and involves more than 25,000 Iraqi troops, Kurdish forces, Sunni tribal fighters and state-sanctioned Shia militias. It is expected to take weeks, if not months, to drive IS out of Iraq’s second largest city, which is still home to more than a million people.
The militants captured Mosul in the summer of 2014, when they swept across much of northern and western Iraq. IS has suffered a series of setbacks over the past year, and Mosul is its last major urban bastion in Iraq.