A Polish government official said that migrants who spent days in a makeshift camp on the Belarusian side of Poland’s eastern border were being taken away by bus by Belarusian officials.
A large group of people from the Middle East have been stuck at a border crossing with Poland, hoping to enter Europe, since November 8. Most are fleeing conflict or hopelessness at home and aim to reach Germany or other western European countries.
Tensions spiked on Tuesday as Polish forces at the border used water cannons and tear gas against stone-throwing migrants.
Warsaw accused the regime of Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko of giving smoke grenades and other weapons to those trying to cross the frontier.
But on Wednesday, Polish authorities said the situation had calmed down, and while they registered 161 attempts to cross Poland’s border illegally, the large migrant camp at the Kuznica crossing – which is now closed – had fewer people.
“I have received information that Lukashenko has provided the first buses which migrants are boarding and leaving,” Maciej Wasik, a deputy interior minister, said.
“The camp site near Kuznica is slowly emptying.”
It was not clear where they were being taken, and the information provided by officials was hard to verify due to restrictions journalists face in working on both sides of the border.
A state of emergency in Poland is keeping journalists, human rights workers and others away from the border along a zone that is two miles (3km) deep.
Iraq has been appealing for its citizens to fly home, telling them the way into the European Union is closed. The first flights are scheduled for Thursday.
The Belarusian state news agency Belta reported that migrants were being given shelter inside a logistics centre at the border, giving them the opportunity to sleep indoors rather than in tents outdoors.
Western countries have accused Mr Lukashenko of using the migrants as pawns to destabilise the 27-nation EU bloc in retaliation for its sanctions on his authoritarian regime. Belarus denies orchestrating the crisis.