UK and US impose sanctions as Myanmar coup protest deaths top 300

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Myanmar; U.S; Protest; Aung San Suu Kyi

The death toll for protesters confirmed killed in Myanmar since last month’s military takeover has surpassed 300, a human rights group has announced.

Myanmar’s Assistance Association for Political Prisoners organisation said its tally of 320 dead includes only documented cases, with the actual number of casualties likely to be “much higher”.

It said 11 people were killed on Thursday, when it also managed to verify 23 deaths that occurred previously.

The group also said that as of Thursday, 2,981 people had been arrested, charged or sentenced in the crackdown since the February 1 coup that ousted the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi.

Most, including Ms Suu Kyi and President Win Myint, remain detained.

The army’s seizure of power halted the south-east Asian nation’s move toward democracy that began when Ms Suu Kyi’s party took office in 2016 for its first term, after more than five decades of military rule.

The movement against the junta and its takeover received a major boost on Thursday when the UK and US announced tough sanctions against two military-owned conglomerates with vast holdings in many sectors.

The US treasury department said its action against Myanma Economic Holdings Public Company Limited and Myanmar Economic Corporation Limited targets the army’s control of large parts of the country’s economy, “which is a vital financial lifeline for the military junta”.

The sanctions against the two companies and their holdings block access to any property they control in the United States and effectively bars any US person or company from conducting any sort of business with them, including supplying them with funds or providing goods or services.

Myanmar’s home-grown Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) against military rule is targeting the economy in order to make it difficult for the junta to govern.

It has advocated work stoppages by state enterprise workers, bank closures and disinvestment by foreign companies.

Myanmar’s economy is already battered by the Covid-19 pandemic, which surged there in the second half of last year.

Myanmar; Politics, Aung San Suu Kyi; Military Coup
Demonstrators holding portraits of Myanmar’s de facto government leader Aung San Suu Kyi stage a protest rally in front of the United Nations University in Tokyo on Monday

The World Bank, in a Asia-wide review released on Friday, forecast that Myanmar’s economy will contract by 10% in 2021 after growing a meagre 1.7% in 2020 and 6.8% in 2019.

Anti-coup protests continued on Friday in cities and towns across Myanmar, despite the threat of lethal force by the security forces.

Reports on social media of casualties caused by the security forces could not immediately be confirmed.

At about 4am on Friday, unidentified people tossed firebombs at the headquarters of Ms Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party in Yangon, but nearby residents managed to put out the fire before it could cause any major damage.

The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners described a typical deadly confrontation on Thursday in Taunggyi, in Shan State in eastern Myanmar, when “the junta used live ammunition, trying to create a combat zone of residential areas, resulting in four civilians shot and killed, one dead body was dragged away, some other civilians were injured”.

The group added: “Moreover, junta forces raided houses and violently arrested youths and civilians, thereafter destroying motorcycles, cars and barricades. They stormed streets unprovoked, shouted obscenities and vandalised property.”

The CDM, which was founded largely by medical workers, has drawn plaudits for its strategy, including a nomination for the 2022 Nobel Peace Prize by six social science professors at the University of Oslo in Norway.

“Our nomination is a recognition of this anti-coup resistance that is working for peace and democracy through non-violent means,” said their nomination letter.

Speaking for the six, Professor Kristian Stokke told The Associated Press their hope is that “the Peace Prize nomination will generate further international recognition and support for the movement and its peaceful aims and means”.

A leading member of the CDM said the nomination “reiterates the need for the junta … to refrain from any type of violence and peacefully and immediately transfer the power to the democratically elected leaders of the nation”.

Ms Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize for 1991 for leading a nonviolent struggle against a previous military dictatorship.

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