The European Commission has proposed a nearly €300 billion-package, including more efficient use of fuels and faster rollout of renewable power, in a bid to jump-start plans for the bloc to abandon Russian energy amid the Kremlin’s war in Ukraine.
The investment initiative is meant to help the 27 EU countries start weaning themselves off Russian fossil fuels this year.
The goal is to deprive Russia, the EU’s main supplier of oil, natural gas and coal, of tens of billions in revenue and strengthen EU climate policies.
“We are taking our ambition to yet another level to make sure that we become independent from Russian fossil fuels as quickly as possible,” European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen said in Brussels when announcing the package, dubbed REPowerEU.
With no end in sight to Russia’s war in Ukraine and European security shaken, the EU is rushing to align its geopolitical and climate interests for the coming decades.
It comes amid troubling signs that have raised concerns about energy supplies that the EU relies on and have no quick replacements for, including Russia cutting off member nations Poland and Bulgaria after they refused a demand to pay for natural gas in roubles.
The bloc’s dash to ditch Russian energy stems from a combination of voluntary and mandatory actions. Both reflect the political discomfort of helping fund Russia’s military campaign in a country that neighbours the EU and wants to join the bloc.
An EU ban on coal from Russia is due to start in August, and the bloc has pledged to try to reduce demand for Russian gas by two-thirds by the end of the year. Meanwhile, a proposed EU oil embargo has hit a roadblock from Hungary and other landlocked countries that worry about the cost of switching to alternative sources.
In a bid to swing Hungary behind the oil phaseout, the REPowerEU package expects oil-investment funding of around €2 billion for member nations highly dependent on Russian oil.
Energy savings and renewables form the cornerstones of the package, which would be funded mainly by an economic stimulus programme put in place to help member countries overcome the slump triggered by the coronavirus pandemic.
Ms Von der Leyen said the price tag included about €72 billion for grants and €225 billion for loans. There was a push to fund energy efficiency and renewables.
The European Commission also proposed ways to streamline the approval processes in EU countries for renewable projects, which can take up to a decade to get through red tape. The commission said approval times needed to fall to as little as a year or less.
It put forward a specific plan on solar energy, seeking to double photovoltaic capacity by 2025. The commission proposed a phased-in obligation to install solar panels on new buildings.
The European Commission’s recommendations on short-term national actions to cut demand for Russian energy coincide with deliberations under way in the bloc since last year on setting more ambitious EU energy-efficiency and renewable targets for 2030.
These targets are part of the bloc’s commitments to a 55 per cent cut in greenhouse gases by the end of the decade compared with 1990 emissions and to climate neutrality by 2050.
In that context, the commission urged EU lawmakers in the European Parliament and national governments to deepen their own proposals for 2030 energy-savings and renewables objectives.
Meanwhile, Danish media reported on Wednesday that four EU countries planned to build North Sea wind farms capable of producing at least 150 gigawatts of energy by 2050 to help cut carbon emissions.
Under the plan, wind turbines would be raised off the coasts of Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark, daily Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten said.
The project would mean a tenfold increase in the EU’s current offshore wind capacity.