Fidel Castro hits out at US aggression in letter to ‘brother Obama’


Fidel Castro responded to President Barack Obama’s historic trip to Cuba with a long, bristling letter recounting the history of US aggression against Cuba, writing that “we don’t need the empire to give us any presents”.

The 1,500-word letter in state media titled Brother Obama was Mr Castro’s first response to the president’s three-day visit last week, in which the American president said he had come to bury the two countries’ history of Cold War hostility.

Mr Obama did not meet with the 89-year-old Fidel Castro on the trip but met several times with his 84-year-old brother Raul Castro (pictured below), the current Cuban president.

Mr Obama’s visit was intended to build irreversible momentum behind his opening with Cuba and to convince the Cuban people and the Cuban government that a half-century of U.S. attempts to overthrow the Communist government had ended, allowing Cuban to reform its economy and political system without the threat of US interference.

Fidel Castro wrote of Mr Obama: “My modest suggestion is that he reflects and doesn’t try to develop theories about Cuban politics.”

Mr Castro, who led Cuba for decades before handing power to his brother in 2008, was legendary for his hours-long, all-encompassing speeches.

His letter reflects that style, presenting a sharp contrast with Mr Obama’s tightly focused speech in Havana.

Mr Castro’s letter opens with descriptions of environmental abuse under the Spaniards and reviews the historical roles of Cuban independence heroes Jose Marti, Antonio Maceo and Maximo Gomez.

Mr Castro then goes over crucial sections of Mr Obama’s speech line by line, engaging in an ex-post-facto dialogue with the American president with pointed critiques of perceived slights and insults, including Mr Obama’s failure to give credit to indigenous Cubans and Mr Castro’s prohibition of racial segregation after coming to power in 1959.

Quoting Mr Obama’s declaration that “it is time, now, for us to leave the past behind”, the man who shaped Cuba during the second half of the 20th century writes that “I imagine that any one of us ran the risk of having a heart attack on hearing these words from the President of the United States”.

Mr Castro then returns to a review of a half-century of US aggression against Cuba. Those events include the decades-long US trade embargo against the island; the 1961 Bay of Pigs attack and the 1976 bombing of a Cuban airliner backed by exiles who took refuge in the US.

He ends with a dig at the Obama administration’s drive to increase business ties with Cuba. The Obama administration says re-establishing economic ties with the US will be a boon for Cuba, whose centrally planned economy has struggled to escape from over-dependence on imports and a chronic shortage of hard currency.

The focus on US-Cuba business ties appears to have particularly rankled Mr Castro, who nationalised US companies after coming to power in 1959 and establishing the communist system into which his brother is now introducing gradual market-based reforms.

“No one should pretend that the people of this noble and selfless country will renounce its glory and its rights,” Fidel Castro wrote.

“We are capable of producing the food and material wealth that we need with work and intelligence of our people.”

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