A slowdown in the output of advanced economies in the first three months of the year will peg back global growth in 2015, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has said.
In its latest World Economic Outlook, the IMF predicted world growth of 3.4% this year, from its previous projection in April of 3.5%.
The IMF said world growth had been hampered in the first quarter by “unexpected output contraction in the United States” with spillovers into Canada and Mexico.
It also cited one-off factors such as harsh winter weather, port closures and stiff reductions in spending in the oil industry as contributing to the US slowdown.
The IMF said this year it expected to see advanced economies gradually pick up, and emerging economies slowdown.
It said: “The distribution of risks to global economic activity is still tilted to the downside.”
It added in advanced economies these risks included increased financial market volatility and disruptive asset price swings, while lower output remained a medium-term risk.
In emerging nations it said lower commodity prices posed risks to the outlook of “low-income developing economies after many years of strong growth”.
The report said that oil prices had rebounded more than expected, after falling by more than half since last summer due to the crisis in the Ukraine and overproduction.
It said the rise in the price of oil reflected higher demand and expectations that oil production growth in the US would slow faster than previously forecast.
It expected the average price of oil to be US$59 per barrel over the year.
The IMF said despite the rise in oil prices, inflation in advanced economies remained broadly stable and well below inflation objectives.