Thousands of young children have died of starvation and disease in Boko Haram-ravaged north-eastern Nigeria, Doctors Without Borders said, quoting a new survey that is forcing officials to stop denying the crisis.

The Paris-based organisation hopes that official recognition of the situation in which “thousands are dying” will help bring urgent aid before older children also start dying, said spokeswoman Natalie Roberts.

A survey of two refugee camps in the north-eastern city of Maiduguri showed a quarter of the expected population of under-five children is missing, presumed dead, according to the organization.

Under-five mortality rates in the camps are more than double the threshold for declaring an emergency, Ms Roberts said.

Speaking on her return from north-eastern Borno state, the birthplace of Boko Haram’s Islamic uprising, she said the absence of young children was striking.

“We only saw older brothers and sisters. No toddlers are straddling their big sisters’ hips. No babies strapped to their mums’ backs. It’s as if they have just vanished,” she said.

 A malnourished child is weighed on a scale at a clinic run by Doctors Without Borders in Maiduguri, Nigeria.

A malnourished child is weighed on a scale at a clinic run by Doctors Without Borders in Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Doctors Without Borders first sounded the alarm in June but senior officials with the National Emergency Management Agency managing the camps as late as September denied any child was suffering malnutrition and accused the doctors of exaggerating the crisis to attract donations.

The crisis is aggravated by alleged theft of food aid by emergency management officials being investigated by Nigeria’s senate.

“The difference now is that our figures have been checked by the statistician general, and we have official recognition from the government that they believe this is happening,” Ms Roberts said.

About 75,000 children could die within a year because donors have provided only a third of requested funding and twice as much, $1 billion dollars, is needed for the rest of the year and into 2017, says the United Nations.

A funding conference in Geneva next month could save the day, otherwise “it won’t be long before we could be in the painful position of having to turn away sick and starving children”, said Save the Children.

About 2.6 million people including more than a million children have been driven from their homes by Nigeria’s seven-year insurgency that has killed more than 20,000 people, left food-producing fields fallow, disrupted trade routes and destroyed wells, bridges and entire towns.

President Muhammadu Buhari last month set up a presidential committee to co-ordinate aid and the rebuilding of the north east, even as an end to the rainy season has brought a predictable upsurge in attacks on military outposts and urban suicide bombings by the Islamic extremists.

Mr Buhari and Nigeria’s military have said aerial bombardments and a ground offensive that have forced the insurgents out of most towns has the extremists on the run.

But aid agencies say they can barely venture outside Maiduguri for fear of attack and are using helicopters to reach dangerous areas.

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